Landscape and geography

Belgium has a favourable location, surrounded by land and sea. It is bordered by the North Sea to the west and lies between the EU member states of France, Germany, the Netherlands and Luxembourg. Its total area, including surface water area, is 33,990 square kilometers; land area alone is 30,528 square kilometers.

The landscape of Flanders is generally identified as Lower Belgium: sandy beaches and dunes on the coast, followed by fertile polders. Inland you find the green pastures and hills of East Flanders and Brabant; the Campine, marked by heathland and pine groves, and finally the loamy soil of the fruitful Haspengouw. The main rivers of Flanders are the Scheldt, Lys, Yser and Meuze.

Typically Flemish regions

The North Sea
Flanders is situated along the North Sea and has 65 km long coastline. Parallel to the coast lie the long Flemish sandbanks, with deep gullies between them. The North Sea is quite a rough sea with a lot of activity. The wind, the waves and the seabirds all leave their mark; sailing boats and motorboats parade along the coast, ferryboats sail to and fro. It is also notorious for its storms and its fogs and its powerful tides.

For a selection of maps, including satellite images and directions, see: